Tuesday, April 29, 2014
I received this great email earlier this month.
I am Fred O'Neill, great-great-grandson of William and Rhuama O'Neill. I live in Marietta, Ohio and am active in historical research. This is the first that I knew about great-great-grandfather's war record extending to the war's end (June, 1865). I had assumed he mustered out earlier. I did know that he served in Nashville during the Hood attack. My copy of his mustering-out paper says that he was in "ordinance."
My grandfather was the Reverend Charles C. O'Neill (died 1973) of Maineville, Ohio, son of George W. O'Neill, author of the noted family history ... Do you have any information on the O'Neills of Leighlin (sometimes spelled "Lagin") near Carlow. I know that Hugh (born 1696) had a wife named "Catrine" and a brother named Morgan. His son John married Esther Ashmore whose family owned the plot in All Saints' Church at Fenagh.
I know that great-grandfather George's speculations about the O'Neills of Tyr-Owen is highly speculative (old Hugh of Tyrone may have been the offspring of a smith named Kelly), but what might be our relationship (if any) to the "O'Neills of Magh-da-Chonn"? ... Is that pronounced "Mack-da-Kohan"?
To answer Fred:
1. I do think Hugh's family lived in Dunleckney Parish, near Old Leighlin. there are many O'Neill burials in the cemetery at Leighlinbridge, but I do not have the connections to us.
2. Where did you get the name "Catrine?"
3. I have the Magh-da-Chon book; can't find our connection; have no idea how to pronounce it (Irish language is a mystery!).
Ron in Indy
Tuesday, January 14, 2014
Friday, September 13, 2013
Chapter Three: John and Anne O’Neill
[Pages 40-42 of my book.]
John, oldest son of Hugh and Deborah O’Neill, was born at Newtown, Ireland, October 6, 1797.
Newtown is a village in southern Carlow in the Parish of Kiltennell. His father Hugh was probably teaching there at the time.
He was the third child of the family, the first and second being girls. No record is left of any special educational advantages, but being the son of a schoolmaster, he had, probably, received a limited education, at least.
He left the ancestral home in Ireland when but nine years old… This dating tends to confirm again that Hugh and family left Ireland in 1806.
…and with his parents spent a few years in Central New York and a few additional years in Pittsburgh, Pa. If we have our figures correct, he must have been about eighteen years old when the move was made into eastern Ohio. This equates to 1815. Other sources say 1817, so we have a short range.
This John was united in marriage with Anne Horton the third day of February 1825, being then in his twenty-eighth year. The bride was the oldest daughter of Moses and Dorinda Horton. Anne was born on April 13, 1804.
There is an excellent genealogy of Anne’s family, titled “Our Horton Heritage,” by Betty Bailey Horton. It is available in several Ohio collections.
I have not been able to find any archived Methodist records from the Summerfield congregation to confirm this marriage, but the Watkins “History of Noble County” says it was 1824. First child William was born in November of 1825, so either date is plausible. John and his family first appear independently on the 1830 census of Union Township of Monroe County, page 12. [Photo below is the old Methodist Church, since burned.]
John and Anne O’Neill settled near Whigville, probably at that time called “Freedom.” This was on Irish Ridge, some miles west of the village of Summerfield.
Some years later, we have not the date, they moved to a farm on Glady Run, a tributary of Wills Creek. This place was about two miles from the village.
John bought these parcels from the U.S. Government in 1834 and 1837 and paid them off in 1849. Son Thomas O’Neill lived on this property later and this land and house remained in family hands until Frank and Estey O’Neill Shackle sold it in the 1960’s. The property was in Seneca Township of Monroe County at the time, later Marion Township of Noble County. On the 1860 Census, the last one prior to John’s death, this farm was valued at $3,000, and his personal estate at $1,600. This was significant for 1860. John and his family were first listed by name on the 1850 census of Monroe County, page 260. Daughter Dorinda had died by then.
This John made a trip into Lawrence County, the southernmost division of the state, and purchased a farm. This was about 1848. This farm…comes into the possession of William, the oldest of the sons of this John.
By the 1860 census sons William, Hugh, and Moses had already left home and set up their own households.
Sidelight: According to the Watkins history, John served on a grand jury in November of 1851 at Sarahsville.
Grandfather John, at the time of his death, owned 300 acres of splendid farming land in the state of Iowa, which, afterward, was disposed of and adequately apportioned among his legal heirs.
This land was in Blackhawk County, Iowa, and consisted of four parcels in Section 5, Township 88, Range 14. Anne was still paying taxes on these parcels in 1868, several years after John’s death.
There were born to John and Anne O’Neill the following children—
These were all born in Monroe County, but since 1852, is a part of Noble County.
The John of this sketch didn’t live out the full measures of days that most of his ancestors had reached. He died at the age of sixty-eight years. His death occurred at his home near Summerfield, February 1865. His body lies in the old cemetery near the M. E. Church, and near the graves of Great-Grandfather Horton and his companion, and loved ones who, from time to time, had passed away.
The death date on the stone is 1 February 1865. The church burned down in the 1990’s and only the cemetery remains on the site. John’s estate inventory mentions the family Bible that still exists today.
John’s estate inventory tells a lot about his life: 1. He had a book, titled “History of the Great Rebellion.” If this was about the Irish Rebellion of 1798, it might hint that John’s family left Ireland due to the effects of that conflict. 2. He had 63 sheep, 19# of yarn, and 4# of flax thread, showing what type of farming he did. He also had a molasses barrel, a tub of pickles, 5 beehives, and 100 sticks of tobacco. He also had several hogs, three horses, and a lot of farm equipment and household goods. His estate was valued at $5,200. John was an affluent farmer.
In 1867 Anne and her children completed an elaborate series of financial transactions involving land transfers and monetary amounts, undoubtedly to clear up the various inheritances. See the Noble County Deed Book 15 for the details of these.
Anne Horton O’Neill maintained a separate household for some time. The 1870 census of Noble County, page 149, shows her with sons Thomas, Alexander, and Richard.
Grandmother Anne died at the home of her son Richard in January 1887. This place lay off to the East of the old homestead in the Glady Valley and, by the winding path up the hillside, it was not more than a quarter of a mile. She had reached the age of eighty-three years and had been a widow for about twenty-two years. Her body was laid away in the new burial grounds off to the east of the village, the “East Cemetery.”
Anne was living with Richard and Florence O’Neill as early as the 1880 census, Noble Co. ED 193, pg. 12. Her obituary was printed in the Noble County “Republican” on 21 Jan 1886, so G. W. was a year off.
John and Anne started out their married life as adherents to the Methodist faith. Their first child was christened by their pastor. Soon after, they renounced their allegiance to Methodism and accepted the Universalist Dogma, which was being promulgated in that community at that time.
Monday, August 19, 2013
Thomas, born at Pittsburgh, October 15, 1815
Uncle Richard states [in a letter dated January 10, 1915] that, “Uncle Thomas lived at Zanesville and died there. He had a daughter named Margaret, that may be living yet; I do not know.”
This Margaret O’Neill, at one time, sent a record of her grandfather’s family to Dr. M. A. O’Neill of Black Jack, Kansas, whose son, H. L. O’Neill, sent a copy of it to me.
I found “our” Thomas O’Neill on the 1850 Census of Muskingum County, OH, living in Zanesville. There were three Thomas’ listed in Muskingum County that year, all age 30. Two were born in Ireland, however, and only one born in Pennsylvania. The age given puts his birth at 1819, but that is notoriously unreliable in census work.
There was an Irish Catholic O’Neill family in the same area during this time, with a Thomas O’Neill married to a Bridget Flanagan. This family caused a few confusing moments and needed to be sorted out.
Our Thomas has a 29-year-old female named Ann living with him, presumably his wife, and, more importantly, a 1-year-old daughter named Margaret A. He was a coach maker and had a net worth of $1,000. In the 1851 Directory of Zanesville, OH, Thomas O’Neill is also listed as a coach maker and is living (or working?) at “8th corner of south.”
In a Franklin-Guiler genealogy, I found evidence that Ann O’Neill was the former Ann Franklin, born Jan. 8, 1820, daughter of John Franklin and Mary McFarland. The Franklins came from an area near Dublin, Ireland; settled in Pittsburgh, PA, and then migrated to Noble County, OH, in 1822. This was a very similar pattern to Thomas’ family, and the two families may have known each other for a good while.
Based on Margaret’s age, Thomas and Ann were perhaps married in 1847, when Thomas would have been 32 and Ann 27.
I found the family on the 1860 and 1870 censuses of Ohio living in the neighboring county of Perry. Thomas, Ann, and Margaret were in the town of Somerset, Reading Township. Thomas was a coach painter.
Ann evidently died on June 30th in the summer of 1871 at age 51, and she is buried in Fultonham Cemetery in Muskingum County, about a ten-mile coach trip from Somerset. (See below)
On the 1880 Muskingum County census, page 241D, Thomas and Margaret had moved back to Fultonham in Newton Township, which is where Thomas died on August 23, 1887 at the age of 72. I have not yet found his burial site.
The Franklin-Guiler genealogy mentioned above has Margaret A. O’Neill, nicknamed “Mag,” married to a Weaver, and the Muskingum County Marriage Book 10 has a Maggie O’Neill marrying a Levi Weaver on Feb. 7, 1889, about two years after Thomas’ death. Margaret would have been 40 years old. This would be a common scenario, for a daughter to marry after caring for a father for several years.
The Zanesville-Muskingum County Directory of 1890-91 has an entry on page 290 that reads, “Margaret Weaver, farm owner, Newton Township, Fultonham.” This is probably our Margaret. There is also an entry for “Levi Weaver, farm owner, Brush Creek Township, Dillon.” Brush Creek is next to Newton, and this could be a case of two older people combining their assets.
No Margaret Weaver shows up on the 1900 census of Muskingum County, but a Margaret Weaver, age 60, does appear on the 1910 as a boarder with the Asa Fox family. She is shown as being born in Ohio, widowed but now unmarried, and working as a seamstress.
Wednesday, July 17, 2013
8. Hugh2 O’Neill
Hugh (2nd), born June 15, 1773
This Hugh O’Neill family is covered in Chapter 2.
9. George O’Neill
George, born January 6, 1777
According to Jeff O’Neill of Australia, George was born on January 16 instead, but, in any case, “our” George would have a probable marriage range of 1795-1810.
I found only one entry in “The O’Neill’s of Leinster,” which is the marriage of a George to Ann Bradley in 1799. Our George would have been 22 years old, which is a good match. The only other entries are in 1837 and 1840, which puts our George in the 60-63 age range. [Ann Hendry, 1837, and Elizabeth Shirley, 1840]
The 1825 Tithe Applotment Books for Carlow show only one George O’Neill, who is in the Townland of Ballaghaderneen, Parish of Fennagh, along with the two Luke O’Neill’s. Probably two brothers farming close together. George has 35 acres. He would be about 48 years old.
In the CD index to the 1850 Griffith’s Valuation for County Carlow, two Georges are listed--one George at Clonacur in Dunleckny and again one George in Fennagh. The parish of Fennagh is divided into two parts, one close to Dunleckny and one much further north. The Griffith’s entry does not mention the town.
Both of these are close to the suspected O’Neill area, but the George here would have been about 73 years old. One possibility is that of a father and son.
10. William O’Neill
William, born July 26, 1778
The family Bible in Ohio says that William was born “a Wednesday, St. Amos Day, at five o’clock in the morning.”
Jeff O’Neill in Australia says that William died 15 Apr 1843, but he did not say how he knows that. Jeff also said that William had a daughter Hannah, born in 1808, who married W. Miller. Hannah died on 23 May 1834.
Hannah’s birth puts William’s marriage date at least 1807 or before. No other of his children are known, nor is his wife’s identity clearly known. On the Carlow Marriages microfilm, LDS# 0100171, appears the marriage of “Wm. O’Neill of Garrahill and Hannah Handcock of St. Mary’s, spinster,” on June 13, 1803. In light of the daughter’s name, this is undoubtedly the right marriage.
In his book, “Schools of Kildare and Leighlin,” Rev. Martin Brenan says that William O’Neill had three sons and three daughters. Brenan also says that William conducted a Garihil (sic) Sunday School for “Protestants of the Established Church.” William and his family were “New Lights,” a new term for me.
The 1825 Tithe Applotment Book has two William’s listed, one in Carrigbeg along with a John O’Neill and a Morgan O’Neill, and one in Garryhill with a second Morgan O’Neill. The Garryhill William has the honorific “Esq.” following his name, indicating some type of elevated status. This may be the elder William, even though he has only 24 acres, versus the Carrigbeg William having 62 acres.The summary page of that book also lists William O’Neill, Esq., with a rental income of 300 pounds, a very high rate for the time. William may have been the family entrepreneur.
In the CD index to the 1850 Griffith’s Valuation, I found three Williams in County Carlow: One William in Clonacur in Dunleckny, one William in Mt. Pleasant in Fennagh, and one William in Ballaghaderneen in Fennagh. The first two are closest to the O’Neill area. “Our” William would have been about 72 years old. At this stage all three could have been sons or nephews.
Thursday, July 11, 2013
Section 1D: John1 O’Neill
John, born January 5, 1763 Died in infancy
The family Bible says that John1, “Departed this life at a Quarter old.” I figure this means a quarter of an hour. Jeff O’Neill in Canberra substantiates that John1 died the day of his birth. Our chances of finding out anything further on an infant death in rural Ireland during this time period are slim to none, so we will just note John1’s existence and move on.
Section 1E: John2 O’Neill
John (2nd), born March 13, 1764
The family Bible says John2 was born “at 5 o’clock a Thursday morning.”
This birth date would give John2 a projected marriage range of 1782-1800. I did find several John’s in Carlow who might fit our profile.
A John O’Neill married Mary Salter in 1792 [his age 28?]; another John married Jane Wheatley in 1794 [his age 30?]; a third John married Bridget Murphy in 1804 [his age 40?]; and finally a John married Mary Alford in 1832 [his age 68?]. Our source, “The O’Neills of Leinster,” does not mention which of these are Catholic ceremonies and which are not. The O’Neill’s that we have found so far are all non-Catholic families, so we will presume that this John is also.
These may be all different John O’Neill’s, or some of them may be the same one after the death of a spouse. To date I have found no family groups for any of these, nor have I found any death records or gravestones.
On the Tithe Applotment Books of 1825 (see below), there is one John listed in Carrigbeg, where a William and a “Morrogan” are also listed. His property was a “House and Garden.” This is probably our John O’Neill, listed at the age of 61.
In the Index to the 1850 Griffith’s Valuation, three Johns are listed. A John is listed in Lorum at Ballykillin; one John is in Dunleckny on Market Street in Bagenalstown; and one John in Tullowphelin on Bridge Street in the town of Tullow.
All of these men would have had to be 86 years old or so, to be “our” John.
The Dunleckny John is our mostly likely prospect, with the Lorum next closest and the Tullow John furthest away. A strong possibility is that these are sons or nephews.
Section 1F: Morgan O’Neill
Morgan, born June 17, 1767
In 1998 I was able to contact genealogist Jeffrey O’Neill of Canberra, Australia, who is a descendant of Morgan, and he provided me with much of the following information about his branch of the family.
In 1795 Morgan O’Neill, aged 28, married Eleanor Burrowes in County Carlow, Ireland. Morgan and Eleanor had five children: Esther (Nessy), born April 5, 1804 in the Parish of Dunleckny; Morgan (Mortimer), born October 5, 1810; Ellen, born March 15, 1812; Anne, born September 2, 1814; and a second Anne, born July 16, 1817. The first Anne probably died shortly before the second Anne was born.
The Parish of Dunleckny, with Bagnalstown as the major community, is south of Leighlinbridge, on the river Barrow.
Oldest daughter Esther at age 27 married John Grace in 1831 and presumably continued to reside in County Carlow.
To date, nothing further is known of second daughter Ellen; third daughter Anne probably only lived until 1815-16, because in 1817 a fourth daughter was given the name Anne. This second Anne grew up and married Samuel McMurty in 1844. She was 27.
On the Tithe Applotment Books of 1825, I found two Morgans, one in Garryhill with 31 acres of land and one in Carrigbeg with 32 acres. These are undoubtedly Morgan the father and Morgan the son. I have found nothing further on Eleanor, or the daughters. There was no Morgan or Mortimer listed in the CD index of the 1850 Griffith’s Valuation for Carlow. By that time the older Morgan is probably dead, and the younger one has emigrated from Ireland to Australia.
Morgan’s only son, named Morgan also, but called Mortimer, was married in County Carlow in 1844 to Harriett Tracy. Mortimer and Harriett had four children: Ann, born 1846; William Duke, born 1848; Harriett, born 1851; and Maria, born 1853.
Harriett possibly died in childbirth following the birth of Maria, for, according to Jeff O’Neill, Mortimer moved to Australia about 1853 with his son William Duke. Jeff is not clear as to what happened to the three girls.
In Australia, Mortimer married Eliza Burns in 1859, and the couple had seven additional children: Louisa Jane, born 1860; Helen, born 1862; Kate, born 1864; Elizabeth Mary, born 1867; another Elizabeth Jane, born 1868 [The first E. M. evidently having died within the year.]; Esther Ann, born 1871; and Lucy Lillian, born 1873.
Mortimer died in 1896; Eliza’s fate we do not know. Oddly enough, Mortimer only had one son out of eleven children, so Jeff is fortunate to be named O’Neill!
William Duke O’Neill, at the age of 40, married Ada Jane Atkinson in 1888, and the couple had four children; Raymond, born 1889; Kenneth, born 12 Jan 1892; Frank, born 16 Oct 1893; and Bessie E., born 1896.
There are numerous descendants of William Duke O’Neill in Australia, according to Jeffrey O’Neill of Canberra, N.S.W. He did not send me any information on the families of William Duke’s sisters.
Section 1G: Luke O’Neill
Luke, born December 22, 1769
Luke would have been 29 years old when the ’98 took place, and 35 when his father died. In all probability he would have been married by this time.
In Sean O’Neill [Ibid.] I found only one entry that may fit this Luke. On page 65 is the marriage notation of “Luke O’Neail and Elizabeth Ransford, 1792.” Luke would have been 23 at this time.
The only other Luke notation in Carlow was a marriage in 1832 to Mary Colclaugh. Our Luke would have been 63 at the time, which is possible as a late age second marriage, I suppose, but it may be another Luke, even a son or grandson.
The Tithe Applotment Book of 1825 for Carlow lists two Lukes [See below], both in Ballaghaderneen, one with 34 acres of land and one with one acre. Our Luke would have been 56 by this time, so these entries may indicate a father and son. Possibly the son has taken over the farm and his father is living on a small parcel close by.
In the CD index to the 1850 Griffith’s Valuation, one Luke is listed at Ballybannon in the Parish of Killerrig. This is in the far north of the county, so it is improbable that it is “our” Luke at the age of 81. Perhaps the son has moved further away.